How to Grow By Herb

Tarragon

Tarragon (French)

  • Perennial Herb in Zones 4-8
  • Grows: 18-36 inches Tall  and 12-15 inches Across
  • Plant 18-24 inches apart in Spring or Fall
  • Divide every 2 or 3 years in Spring. This to keep plants vigorous because they will get older and less flavorful over time
  • Can be Propagated
  • Tiny yellowish flowers may appear in summer.  RARELY sets seed.
  • Likes Average, well drained soil
  • Likes Full Sun
  • Best Cultivated by Root Division because seeds are almost sterile
  • Click Here for Tarragon Plant Profile

yarrow-167525_1280

 Yarrow (Achillea Millefolium)

  • Perennial Herb in Zones 3-8
  • Grows 1-3 feet Tall and produces 18-24 inch wide mounds of feathery leaves
  • Space plants around 2 feet apart
  • Likes full sun
  • Likes well drained Soil
  • Spreads quickly
  • Pull out unwanted runners or divide established plants every 2 or 3 years in Spring or Fall to Control Growth
  • Can be Propogated
  • Might need staking
  • Cut Dead tops to Ground BEFORE Spring
  • Cut old flower heads off for a second blooming in the season
  • Chemical Properties actually improve the soil and the neighboring plants
  • Great addition to Compost.  Will actually improve your fertilizer
  • Click Here for Yarrow Plant Profile

Pineapple Sage

Pineapple Sage (Salvia Elegans)

  • Perennial Herb in Zone 8-11
  •  Slender, stems with narrow, pineapple-scented leaves.
  • Grows 3-4 feet tall and 3 feet across
  • Grow in Full Sun and average, well drained soil
  • Leaves smell like Pineapple
  • Deep Red Flowers (also described as Scarlett) are edible
  • Might need staking if planted in a lush, rich soil
  • In zones 8-10 will survive winter, provide some frost protection.
  • More than 500 varieties of Sage

Potted Bay Tree

Bay Laurel (Laurus Nobilis)

  • Grow in full sun (Western or Eastern facing), but provide shade during hottest part of day
  • Works great in a container because the tree is very slow growing
  • Must keep soil moist.  If in a container, don’t let soil dry out.  If in the ground, drip irrigation best watering method
  • Potted Bay Trees can handle winters if not too cold and proper care is taken such as being covered and mulched
  • Make sure soil is well draining.  Having a mix containing sand is ideal

Hyssop

Hyssop (Hyssopus Officinalis)

  • Hardy in Zones 3-9
  • Grows 2 feet tall and 2 feet wide
  • Can grow in sun or partial shade, does fine in average to dry, well drained soil
  • Prune to stand 8 inches tall in Spring before new growth
  • Space 12 inches apart
  • Flower spikes of blue/purple, pink or white.
  • Cut back after flowering to keep from becoming straggly
  • Perennial
  • Can propagate by cuttings and root division in spring.  Also easily grown from Seed
  • Makes a good container plant
  • Likes to be frequently trimmed
  • Plan on replacing every 3-4 years because old plants will die and/or become straggly

Rosemary

Rosemary (Rosmarinus Officinalis)

  • Hardy in Zones 8-10
  • Grows up to five feet tall for plants outdoors. Space mature plants 3 feet apart
  • In Colder Zones, grow as an annual or a container plant. Protect from cold.
  • Seeds grow slowly, so recommended to grow from starter plant or by cuttings
  • Can propagate by stem cuttings in spring or early summer
  • Grows Pale blue flowers typically from late Winter through Spring
  • Leaves smell Piney
  • Drought resistant.  Doesn’t grow well in areas that get a lot of rain
  • Plant in well drained sandy or gravelly soil with full sun.

TT June Basil

Basil “Genovese” (Sweet Basil), Ociumum Basilicum

  • Annual so you’ll need to grow by seed or transplant yearly
  • Grows 2 feet tall and 1 foot across
  • It matures quickly so easy to direct seed. Sow small seeds 2-3 inches apart and cover them with 1/8 inch of soil. Thin out as needed.
  • Hates the cold and loves the heat.  Even a light frost and temperatures around 50 deg F or below will quickly kill this herb.
  • Needs warmth and full sunlight so plant in late Spring when soil has had a chance to warm up.
  • Doesn’t need a lot of water but shallow roots so don’t let soil dry out.
  • Average well drained soil. You won’t need fertilizer as long as soil is okay.
  • Space 12 inches apart.
  • Regular pinching of leaves will promote bushy growth.
  • Store stems of fresh basil in a glass of water at room temperature.

lavender

Lavender (Lavandula Officinalis)

  • Grows well in Zones 5-8 (not cold hardy)
  • Grows Purple flowers which are highly aromatic
  • Needs a sunny, warm location with well drained soil.
  • Keep soil dry by watering infrequently on the ground.  Don’t water the foliage!
  • Try mulching with small pebbles which will help keep the plant dray.
  • There are many different varieties but typically grows up to 10″-36″ and 12″-18″ across. Check your variety for specifics.
  • Perennials except in high humidity or colder climates where they will be annuals
  • Makes a great container plant
  • Most varieties difficult to grow from seed
  • Grow by Transplant or can propagate
  • Does well as a container plant indoors and outdoors
  • Has long tap roots so not easily transplanted after 2 years
  • Varieties include: English Lavender, Lavender Provence, Lavender Spike Lavender Vera, Lavender Goodwin Creek

Lemon Balm

Lemon Balm (Melissa Officinalis)

  • Hardy in Zones 5-9
  • Grows well in partial shade or full sun
  • Space 18″ apart
  • Grows up to 2 feet tall and 18 inches wide
  • Leaves smell of lemon when crushed
  • Beware: Lemon Balm WILL take over so plant in container, give plenty of room, or plant in garden with a container (bottom cut out) in the ground.
  • Perennial
  • Fresh lemon balm has the most flavor and when dried will lose much of its scent
  • Attracts Bees
  • Propagate by Root division, cuttings in spring or fall.  If planting from seed be patient because has slow germination
  • Extremely hardy
  • Pinch tops back to increase foliage.  This will ensure continuous blooming during the summer and will keep the flowers from growing to seed

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